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About Jekyll Island - History

Georgia's Golden Isles - Brunswick (the Gateway), Jekyll Island, St Simons Island and Sea Island - are all within the county of Glynn, one of Georgia’s earliest counties.  Glynn County is bordered by the Altamaha River on its northern side and by the Little Satilla River on its southern side.  It is named in honor of John Glynn, a member of the British House of Commons who was an American Colony supporter. 

 Many large plantations were established in Glynn County prior to the Civil War. Albeit, the ravages of the war sidestepped the county, the Glynn County area fell into an economic decline for many years to come due to the demise of the plantation system.

Highlights of Glynn County’s History Timeline: 

1700’s

1732 – Georgia was whittled out of a massive region claimed by South Carolina. Glynn County remained part of South Carolina (later Spanish Florida claimed this area) until September 1736 when Britain officially appropriated this area of land to Georgia. 

1733 – Oglethorpe arrives with the first Georgia settlers to land south of the Savannah River. In May 1733, the Creek leader Tomochichi signs the Treaty of Savannah, allowing the colonists to settle on the Creek Nation land. 

January 1734 – Oglethorpe visits  St. Simon’s Island and decides to build Fort St. Simons, Fort Frederica and New Inverness. 

1735 – William Horton, one of Oglethorpe’s top military aides, was deeded Jekyll Island by the trustees of the colony of Georgia. 

1736 – St. Simons Island settled in 1736 as agreed to orally by Chief Tomochichi.

February 1736 – Oglethorpe begins work on Frederica. 

February 1736 – Oglethorpe visits Darien and the Highlanders in New Inverness and approves a new fort – Fort Darien - to be built on the site of Fort King George. 

March 1736 – Cannons are mounted at Fort Frederica. 1738 – Brunswick was first settled by Mark Carr, a captain of a marine boat company under General James Oglethorpe. Carr laid out a plantation along the Turtle River. In 1771, Carr’s land was purchased by The Royal Province of Georgia. Brunswick was named for the duchy of Brunswick-Luneburg in Germany which was the home of King George II of Britain. 

1739 – The Creek Indians officially ceded all coastal lands and islands with the St. Johns River as the southern border in the Treaty of Coweta. This area would become Glynn County. 

October 1739 – England declares war on Spain (the War of Jenkins Ear). 

April 1741 – Georgia is divided into two counties, Savannah and Frederica. 

July 1742 – The Battle of Bloody Marsh was fought on the south end of St. Simons Island. The British were victorious against the attempted Spanish invasion into this colony. 

March 1743 – Fort Frederica’s magazines explode. May 1749 – The regiment at Frederica is separated. 

1776 – the Christ Church congregation of St. Simons Island traces its beginnings to this date. 

February 1777 – The Constitution of 1777, Georgia’s first constitution, was formed under Whig forces during the American Revolution. 

1800's
1807 – original St. Simons Island lighthouse was constructed. In 1872 a new lighthouse was built replacing the original lighthouse destroyed by Confederate forces as they retreated in 1862. 

1869 – The First African Baptist Church is built on St. Simons Island. 1874 – St. Simons Island opened one of the nation’s largest lumber mills helping to alleviate the economic decline from the Civil War. 

1874 – Old Ironsides, the USS Constitution was built at Gascoigne Bluff on St. Simons Island in 1874. Timbers from the live oaks that were milled here were also cut for the Brooklyn Bridge. 

1878 – Native Georgian Sidney Lanier wrote the famous poem “The Marshes of Glynn”, which was about the salt marshes of Glynn County. Lanier moved to the Brunswick climate in hopes of being cured of tuberculosis. 


1886 – Jekyll Island was purchased as an elite retreat for the wealthiest of America’s families known as the Jekyll Island Club.  Notable club members included J.P. Morgan, William Vanderbilt, Joseph Pulitzer, and Marshall Field. Today, Jekyll Island is a National Historic Landmark District with 34 preserved historic homes and structures.
 

1900's to 2000's
1920’s – Sea Island was originally referred to by the name of Long Island, then later by Glynn Isle. It was developed in the 1920’s as a beach resort. In 1928 the Cloister hotel was built and by the 1930, the coastal island’s name changed to Sea Island. 

1942 – 1944 – Brunswick constructed ninety-nine ‘Liberty’ ships and ‘Knot’ ships for World War II.

2004 - G8 Summit hosted by Sea Island.




   
 












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Home
About Jekyll Island
   History of Jekyll Island
   Fast Facts
   Weather & Climate
   Map of Jekyll Island
   Distance Charts
   Getting To Jekyll Island
   Getting Around on Jekyll Island
   Photos

Blogs
Advertise with Us
Privacy Policy
Contact Us
Hotels & Lodging
   Hotels
   Resorts
   Bed & Breakfasts
   Beach Rentals
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Jekyll Island Dining
   American
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   Coffee Houses
   Deli
   Fast Food
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   Wings
Things to Do & See on Jekyll Island
 
 Top Attractions
 Kid's Attractions

 Art Galleries
 Beaches

 Cruises - Dinner, Water
 Family Entertainment
 Forts & Military Sites
 Historic Houses, Churches, etc.
 Museums
 Music, Dance,Theatre
 Nightlife

 Parks
 Plantations & Gardens
Things to Do & See on Jekyll continued

  Recreation
  -  Bike, Canoe, Kayak
  -  Boating, Marinas
  -  Camping
  -  Fishing
  -  Golf
  -  Tennis
  -  Water Sports

 Tours
  -  Aerial Tours
  -  Art Tours
  -  Water Tours
  -  Carriage Tours
  -  Eco, Nature Tours
  -  Motorized, Van Tours
  Walking Tours 
Transportation
   Airport
   Amtrak
   Car
   Carriage Rides
   City Transit
   Greyhound Bus
   Limousines
   Marina & Boats
   Parking
   Rental Cars
   Taxis
   Walking
Shopping
   Stores & Boutiques  
   Shopping Malls
   Factory Outlets
   Souvenirs & Gifts
Real Estate
   Homes for Sale
   Long-Term Rentals 
Weddings
   Wedding Venues
   Wedding Vendors